IoT in Recycling

The IOT can change the way waste collectors carry their operations, know more information about their bins and bring change in the method of waste collection.

It’s now possible to use IoT to gather real-time data on your recyclables to know how to best manage and monetize them, gather real-time data on your waste stream to reduce fees.

A comprehensive solution to Solid Waste Management (SWM) spans across five key areas in the SWM lifecycle, namely, Generation, Collection, Transportation, Treatment and Disposal.

Shortage of manpower and garbage vans is also a key challenge for collection and transportation.

IoT-enabled waste collection and transportation can bring in significant advantages in the overall implementation of waste management solutions. Specifically, the municipal corporations that have outsourced this work to independent contractors, can use IoT to track and monitor the contractors’ effectiveness.

Image based container sensors can help municipalities control costs and improve waste and recycling services in franchise systems.

At times, municipal waste collection operations focus on emptying containers according to predefined schedules. This is really inefficient.

Sensors in Big Belly Solar bins alert collection crews when bins are 85 per cent full too ensure that they are not allowed to overflow, but also are not emptied unnecessarily.

Adding to the smart city fabric, each Big Belly bin can transmit a WiFi platform to showcase local council information and retailer offers.

Compology‘s sensors can be instrumental in improving franchise services and also educating generators on Recycling habits.

The technology consultancy Navigant Research predicted last year that the global market for smart waste collection technologies will grow from $57.6 million (£45 million) in 2016 to over $223.6 million (£178 million) in 2025.

Here’s a look at how IoT is triggering innovative changes in the way recycling is handled across different countries.

In India, Persistent Systems has developed an IoT-enabled Solid Waste Management solution to address the collection and transportation of Solid Waste. It involves retrofitting existing garbage bins by adding connected sensors to make them “smart bins”. These sensors detect the level and weight of the garbage and transmit this information to a server deployed in the city’s Data Center through existing cellular infrastructure.

In Maltese Islands, as a strategy against unsightly overflowing, around 800 intelligent Recycling bins are installed across the country. Recycling cooperative Green park and Vodafone unveiled the first set of these iBins in Pembroke. The iBins are installed with smart technology such transmits data indicating their capacity levels across Vodafone’s New Narrowband Internet of Things network.

In the waste industry this could be through RFID which uses electromagnetic fields to automatically identify and track tags attached to objects, or GPS used to track objects from satellites.

In Rotterdam, Finnish firm Enevo is partnering with the local government to increase the use of its Smart Plan software in recycling collections. Using retrofit- friendly ultrasonic sonar technology to detect fill levels in communal containers at apartment blocks, the programme provides data analytics, fill-level forecasting, dynamic route planning and driver route guidance using in-cab tablet computers to optimise collection of the city’s paper and card waste containers.

Looking at all the developments in IoT for recycling, one can imagine great future for smart cities as the dreadful issue for waste management becomes streamlined by using IoT.

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